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Arkansas, Grant

Record Report

Statement as of 4:00 AM CST on November 21, 2014


... Record low temperature set at Stuttgart Airport...

a record low temperature of 30 degrees was set at Stuttgart
Airport yesterday. This ties the old record of 30 set in 2006.



Public Information Statement

Statement as of 6:00 AM CST on November 21, 2014


... The cold of winter...

November 17th through 21st is winter weather awareness week in
Arkansas. People are asked to take some time and prepare for the
upcoming winter season.

Todays topic is the cold of winter.

When arkansans think of winter weather... usually a picture of
falling snow and temperatures in the 20s and lower 30s comes to mind.
However... winter weather can be not only dangerous... but possibly
deadly in some cases.

Winter storms are considered deceptive killers because most deaths
are indirectly related to the storm itself. Traffic accidents on
icy roads account for a vast majority of deaths. Heart attacks caused
by people shoveling snow and hypothermia from prolonged exposure to
the cold are also consequences of severe winter weather.

An important factor this winter will be energy costs. Prices for
natural gas and propane could cause some people to heat their
homes inadequately in an effort to avoid large energy bills.
If too little heat is used... hypothermia will become a greater
threat than usual.

In case of power outages... gasoline or diesel powered generators
must not be used indoors. Carbon monoxide... a colorless and odorless
gas... can build up in enclosed areas such as houses and garages and
result in death.

Frostbite...
frostbite is damage to body tissue caused by that tissue being
frozen. It causes a loss of feeling and a white or pale appearance
in extremities... such as fingers... toes... earlobes or the tip of the
nose. If symptoms are detected... get medical help immediately. If you
must wait for help... begin to treat the affected area by warming it
slowly.

Wind chill...
wind chill is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused
by the combined effects of wind and cold. As the wind increases...
heat is carried away from the body... driving down the body
temperature. Remember that animals are affected by wind chill as
well.

                     W I N d c h I l l c h a r T
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:wind: temperature :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
:calm: 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20:
: 5 : 31 25 19 13 7 1 -5 -11 -16 -22 -28 -34:
: 10 : 27 21 15 9 3 -4 -10 -16 -22 -28 -35 -41:
: 15 : 25 19 13 6 0 -7 -13 -19 -26 -32 -39 -45:
: 20 : 24 17 11 4 -2 -9 -15 -22 -29 -35 -42 -48:
: 25 : 23 16 9 3 -4 -11 -17 -24 -31 -37 -44 -51:
: 30 : 22 15 8 1 -5 -12 -19 -26 -33 -39 -46 -53:
: 35 : 21 14 7 0 -7 -14 -21 -27 -34 -41 -48 -55:
---------------------------------------------------------------------

The wind speed used in the wind chill formula is calculated for the
average height of the human face... or about 5 feet above the ground.
In contrast... wind in most weather observations in the United States
is measured about 33 feet above the ground. The formula also uses
updated heat Transfer theory... which factors heat loss from the body
to its surroundings during cold and windy conditions. In arriving at
the formula... testing was actually done on people in a chilled wind
Tunnel. Sensors attached to the people measured heat loss from their
bodies.

At a wind chill of 18 degrees below zero... frostbite can develop on
exposed skin within 30 minutes.

An important thing to remember about wind chill is that it was
designed to apply to living beings only. For example... a metal Water
Pipe in air that is 35 degrees will attain a temperature of 35
degrees... as will the water inside. The wind may be blowing at 20 mph
producing a wind chill of zero degrees... but the pipe and the water
will remain at 35 degrees.

Hypothermia...
hypothermia is just a complicated word for lower-than-normal body
temperature. Hypothermia can be brought on in many ways including
exposure to periods of bitterly cold weather or immersion in Cold
Lake or river water. Remember that hypothermia is the actual
lowering of body temperature. Hypothermia is the most dangerous
and life-threatening result of exposure to extremely cold air.

Some of the warning signs associated with hypothermia are
uncontrollable shivering... memory loss... disorientation...
incoherence... slurred speech... drowsiness and apparent exhaustion.
A good way to detect hypothermia is to take the persons temperature.
If it is below 95 degrees fahrenheit... seek medical care immediately.

If medical care is not available... begin warming the person slowly
by warming the body core first with either your own body heat or
warm dry clothes and blankets. Do not warm the extremities such as
arms and legs first as this could push the cold blood toward The
Heart and can lead to heart failure.

All these cold weather threats can be diminished by wearing the
proper clothing when planning to be out in the cold weather for
an extended time.

Wear several layers of loose-fitting... light weight... warm clothing.
If you become too warm... layers can be removed to avoid heat
build-up and perspiration. Outer garments should be tightly woven...
water repellent and hooded. Try to keep your mouth covered to protect
your lungs... and keep your hands in mittens... not gloves... to protect
your fingers. Overall... the best rule is to try to stay dry.

Finally... be sure to check on the elderly. High heating costs could
cause some older people to set the thermostat too low... leading to
hypothermia. Remember... elderly people often have more difficulty
with their sense of warm and cold.

&&

Please visit our web site at www.Srh.NOAA.Gov/lzk



Weather Severe Map
Alaska - Wind Advisory , High Wind Warning , Winter Weather Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report
Arkansas - Tornado Watch , Record Report , Public Information Statement
California - Flash Flood Watch , High Wind Watch , Wind Advisory , High Wind Warning, Wind Advisory , Public Information Statement
Colorado - Winter Storm Watch , Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Special Weather Statement , Public Information Statement
Connecticut - Public Information Statement
Florida - Tornado Watch , Coastal Hazard Statement , Fire Weather Advisory , Record Report
Georgia - Record Report , Public Information Statement
Idaho - Wind Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Winter Weather Advisory , Freezing Rain Advisory , Air Stagnation Advisory
Illinois - Freezing Rain Advisory , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Indiana - Freezing Rain Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Iowa - Freezing Rain Advisory , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Kansas - Dense Fog Advisory , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Kentucky - Record Report
Louisiana - Tornado Watch , Coastal Flood Advisory
Maine - Public Information Statement
Massachusetts - Public Information Statement
Michigan - Freezing Rain Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Minnesota - Record Report , Public Information Statement
Mississippi - Coastal Flood Advisory , Public Information Statement
Missouri - Freezing Rain Advisory , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Montana - High Wind Watch , High Wind Warning , Winter Weather Advisory
Nebraska - Flood Advisory , Public Information Statement
Nevada - High Wind Watch , Winter Storm Watch , Special Statement
New York - Areal Flood Watch , Lake Effect Snow Advisory , Lake Effect Snow Warning , Public Information Statement
North Carolina - Public Information Statement
North Dakota - Public Information Statement
Ohio - Special Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Oklahoma - Tornado Watch , Dense Fog Advisory , Public Information Statement
Oregon - High Surf Warning , High Surf Warning, Coastal Flood Advisory , High Wind Warning , High Wind Warning, Wind Advisory , Wind Advisory , Winter Weather Advisory , Dense Fog Advisory, Air Stagnation Advisory , Air Stagnation Advisory , Special Statement
Pennsylvania - Public Information Statement
South Carolina - Flash Flood Watch , Record Report , Public Information Statement
South Dakota - Special Statement
Tennessee - Public Information Statement
Texas - Tornado Watch
Utah - Winter Storm Watch , Special Weather Statement
Vermont - Public Information Statement
Washington - High Wind Warning , Wind Advisory , Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Dense Fog Advisory, Air Stagnation Advisory , Air Stagnation Advisory , Special Statement
Wisconsin - Freezing Rain Advisory , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Wyoming - High Wind Watch , Winter Storm Watch , Special Statement , Special Weather Statement
- Tornado Watch
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